Both of these species are damned with low stamina as they are reptiles and like any other fight, size is a vital determinant of the winner. Who would you bet your money on to win this fight? The green anaconda or the saltwater crocodile. Each the largest of their species.
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Anacondas are typically the world’s largest snakes with stocky, muscular bodies, thick necks, and narrow but large heads. Their nostrils and eyes are located on top of their head to enable them to see above the water when submerged. They have small, smooth scales that grow larger toward their posteriors. Anacondas also go by the name water boas. There are four species of the aquatic boa namely, the green anaconda, yellow anaconda, the darkly-spotted anaconda, and the Bolivian anaconda. Females are generally larger than the males, exhibiting the largest sexual dimorphism of all snakes. The green anaconda is olive green with black blotches along its body. They have a narrow head compared to the rest of their body with a distinct orange-yellow striping on either side. The yellow ones have a yellow/brown base color with black blotches and rosettes.
Crocodiles are a living link with the dinosaur-like prehistoric reptiles. They are believed to have existed 200 million years ago. They have powerful jaws with many conical teeth, short legs, and clawed webbed toes. Like their counterparts, their nostrils, eyes, and ears are above their heads to enable them to see when hidden below the water. They have massive, long tails with thick plated skin. Their snouts are pointed, unlike the alligators, with equally sized jaws. Crocodiles exist in over 13 species and so do their sizes. Males are usually larger than females and grow more rapidly as well.
The green anaconda is the largest of the anaconda sub-family and can grow up to 33 feet (10meters) in body length with more than 11.8 inches (30cm) in diameter and weigh more than 550 pounds (250kg). yellow and dark-spotted anacondas can reach a length of about 9 feet (2.7meters). Regardless of the species, the average length of female anaconda is known to be 15 feet (4.5m) while that of males is 9 feet (2.7m). They are estimated to weigh averagely between 100 to 150 pounds (45-68kg).
Crocodiles, on the other hand, are the largest present-day reptiles. The smallest species are the dwarf crocodiles, which can grow to about 5.6 feet (1.7meters in length and weigh 13-15 pounds (6-7kg). The most rotund is the saltwater crocodile, whose largest member ever found was 20.24 feet (6.17m) long and 2000 pounds (907kg) heavy. Now that’s tremendous!
The semi-aquatic anacondas live in South America east of the Andes. The most popular members, the green anacondas, are located in the Brazilian Amazon basin, the Orinoco basin, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Trinidad. Yellow anacondas roam in Paraguay, southern Brazil, and northeastern Argentina. The Bolivian breed is only found in a small part of Bolivia while dark-spotted ones live in Brazil and French Guiana. Anacondas occupy tropical rivers and swamps, either in the grasslands or rainforests.
Living near lakes, rivers, wetlands, and even some saltwater regions, true crocodiles are generally found in the tropical habitats of Africa, Asia, Australia, and America. They have a liking for the lowland, humid tropics of the northern and southern hemispheres majorly because they are cold-blooded and cannot generate their own heat.
Anacondas spend most of their time swimming or hiding in murky, sluggish rivers and slow-moving streams. They bask on branches hanging over the water, making it easy to drop into the water if need be. They are most active in the early evenings and at night. They are solitary giants in their home territories and lay in the water at night to ambush prey. Kills made ashore are usually dragged into the water perhaps to avoid attracting jaguars or to ward off biting ants attracted to the carcass.
On the contrary, crocodiles are the most social reptiles. However, social behavior differs across the species. Many species, such as the Nile crocodile, congregate in certain sections of the rivers and tolerate each other during feeding and basking hours. Even so, these reptiles do not form social groups. Nonetheless, male salties are more territorial and less tolerant of their own kind. they would only share their territories with females but drive off rival males. In colder months, crocs hibernate in burrows or go dormant. Dormancy is also an option during long periods of drought. They are nocturnal reptiles who spend most of their time in the water but also make journeys of several kilometers over land.
Anacondas communicate through scent and vocalizations such as hisses, scratching sounds, and growls. During the breeding season, females secrete an airborne chemical emission which males pick up from all directions by flicking their tongue in the air. Scratching sounds are made during copulation when the male’s spurs become erect and pressed against the female’s cloaca. Hissing noises are let out as a defensive move, accompanied by curling up their bodies into a ball.
Crocodile sounds consist of roars, growls, grunts, hisses, or bellows. When mating, loud bellowing sounds are let out as a means to establish dominance. Loud hissing sounds are used as a threat call to drive off rivals and intruders.
As their monumental size tells, anacondas have quite a range of diets. They prey on wild pigs, deer, birds, turtles, caimans, capybara, and jaguars. They kill by constriction after seizing a large animal by its neck and almost immediately throws its coil around it.
Crocodiles have also ambushed predators who feast on fish, birds, frogs, crustaceans, deer, wild boar, and even buffalos. Their big jaws only allow them to swallow prey when whole or in large chunks but they cannot chew.
Bite Force and Strength
The bite force of an anaconda is stronger than a human’s bite of 162 psi. However, it is of vestigial purpose because anacondas use their constriction technique rather than a bite to make a kill. Scientists declare that the squeezing force is around 9000 pounds of pressure per square inch, comparable to an elephant sitting on your chest.
Just like the size factor, bite force varies across the crocodile species. The larger the member, the stronger the jaws. The saltwater crocodiles have the highest bite force and can slam their jaws shut with 3700 pounds per square inch. This is definitely the strongest bite ever measured in the animal kingdom.
Due to their size, anacondas are cumbersome on land, a human can as well outrun it but in the water, the stakes are different. They can reach top speeds of 10mph (16kph) in water. Compared to the fastest Olympic swimmer with a speed of 4.7mph (7.6kph), they are fast for a human.
Similarly, a crocodile will never lose a swimming race. They can swim up to 20mph (32kph) but are a bit slower on land running at average speeds of 12mph (20kph). Their tails are their primary means of propulsion at high speeds.
Even though anacondas have tremendously long teeth, they do not chew their prey. Their powerful jaws are used for clenching onto prey as their muscular coil constricts them. Most often, they pull their victims underwater to drown them.
Crocodiles lay in wait until the prey comes close to them, camouflaging with their surroundings or resembling a submerged log while in water. Once the victim is close enough, they rush out and attack, slamming their wide jaws shut which snaps bones like twigs. They then proceed to drown their victim if the kill was made in water or rip them to pieces if the kill was on land.
Who Would Win?
Comparing the largest of the specimens for fair combat, both are armory to behold. The green anaconda is damned with bone-crushing constriction. This is matched with the tremendous bite force of over 2 tons of pressure per square inch exhibited by the salty. They are both semi-aquatic beasts, well capable of hunting both in the water and on land. Let’s not forget their exceptional sizes and body mass. However, the saltwater crocodile has the upper hand when it comes to size, with an extraordinary weight of 2000 pounds. It is, therefore, larger and stockier than the green anaconda which weighs just a mere 550 pounds max.
In a pound to pound fight, the salty is most likely to win. Even though the green anaconda has been known to prey on caimans, alligators, and other smaller crocodiles, the saltwater crocodile is bigger than anything the anaconda preys on. Likely too big for its constriction technique to do any real damage. Also, the anaconda’s jaws are no match at all for the salty’s tremendous bite force. If the two are to kill each other, the salty would easily crush any part of the green anaconda’s body, ripping it into halves. This is because the anaconda’s scales are not as hard as the jaws of the salty.